Equality Act 2010

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The Equality Act 2010 came into force in October 2010.  It puts into one framework all the laws to tackle discrimination and disadvantage.

The Act talks about “protected characteristics.”  Dyslexia and other specific learning difficulties count as  protected characteristics, within the category of disability.  This is the full set of protected characteristics:

  • Age.
  • Disability.
  • Gender reassignment.
  • Marriage and civil partnership
  • Pregnancy and maternity.
  • Race.
  • Religion or belief.
  • Sex.
  • Sexual orientation.

The Act requires employers, education providers and other public bodies to make “reasonable adjustments” to what an individual may need to succeed in employment and education.

There is a duty on employers to:

  • change the way things are done to avoid discrimination,
  • make changes to avoid practical and physical barriers
  • provide equipment and support so a dyslexic employee can work without disadvantage.

Education providers (schools, colleges, universities, etc.) have similar obligations to avoid discrimination in key processes (admission, assessment, support, etc.).

You can find out more about the Equality Act 2010 from


You can get advice on possible discrimination from the Equality Advisory Service:


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